Article of Faith - The Basic Islamic Beliefs
The Islamic creed did not begin with the prophethood of Muhammad (SAW), nor was it invented by him. It is essentially the same message contained in previous divine scriptures and teaching of all prophets of Allah. Islamic beliefs are eternal truths that neither change nor develop, they provide truths about Allah and His relationship with the visible and invisible aspects of the universe, about the reality of this life, man's role therein and what will become of him afterwards.
The Articles of Islamic faith are:
- Belief in Allah
- Belief in the Angels
- Belief in the Scriptures
- Belief in the Messengers
- Belief in the Day of Judgment
- Belief in Predestination.
A Muslims must uphold these basic six articles of Islamic creed without any doubt, thus completely submit himself or herself to the will of Almighty Allah.
1. Belief in Allah :
Monotheism is the essence of Islam, and it emphasizes the Oneness of Allah. Muslims believe in One eternal and unique God. He is the Creator of all that exists, yet He cannot be compared to anything of His creation. Muslims acknowledge that Allah alone is divine, He alone is the Creator and Sustainer of creation. He is all-knowing and all-powerful, completely just and merciful. No person, object or being is worthy to be worshipped except Allah alone. In Islam, everything is built upon the Oneness of Allah. No act of worship has any meaning if the concept of monotheism is in any way compromised. In the Quran, Allah describes Himself as, "Say: He is Allah, the One and Only. Allah, the Eternal, Absolute. He begetteth not, nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him." (Quran 112:1-4)
BASICS OF ISLAM : SERIES
Part4: Article of Faith - The Basic Islamic Beliefs
2. Belief in the Angels :
Muslims believe that Angels exist. No one knows their exact number except Allah. They obey Him, fulfill His commands, and guard over the universe and the creatures that dwell within it. They carry out the orders of Allah, from administration, observation, guarding and protecting the universe as well as its creatures, all according to Allah's Will and Order. Allah has revealed to us the names of some of the angels; for example, Gabriel, who was given the task of revelation, Michael, who has been assigned the task of directing rain and vegetation. There is also the Angel of Death, who has been given the task of collecting the souls at their appointed times.
- Islamic Belief in Angels - Their Nature and Abilities
- Islamic Belief in Angels - Their Roles and Responsibilities
3. Belief in the Scriptures :
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Muslims also believe in the original scriptures revealed by Allah, such as the Scriptures of Abraham and Moses, the Torah, the Psalms of David and the Gospel of Jesus. The final revelation to humanity is the Qur'an, which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The Qur'an remains preserved and unchanged since the time of revelation in its original Arabic text. There is only one version of the Qur'an. It is recited and memorized by Muslims throughout the world. It contains the final message to humanity and legislation which both encompasses all spheres of human life and is also suited to all peoples and all times. Moreover, it contains numerous verses that speak of the universe, its components and phenomena - the earth, sun, moon, stars, mountains, wind, rivers and seas, plants, animals, as well as the successive stages of human embryonic development.
One of the miracles of the Qur'an, and evidence of its divine origins, is that nothing within it contradicts any established scientific fact.
3. Belief in the Messengers :
Muslims believe that Allah has sent prophets to humanity throughout human history to communicate His Message. Allah chose the finest amongst humanity to be Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them all), to tell mankind of the oneness of God and to worship Him alone, obey Him and to establish His religion. Allah, the Almighty says, "Not a messenger did We send before thee (O Muhammad SAW) without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me." (Quran 21:25)
Prophet Muhammad (SAW), is the last and final prophet in a long chain of Prophets of Allah. To him was conveyed the final and complete revelation from Allah. All the prophets before Muhammad (SAW) preached the same basic message: the worship of Allah alone. In essence, they all preached and practiced Islam, which means attaining peace through complete submission to the will of to Allah, the one true God; Creator of the universe. Allah says, "We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms." (Quran 4:163)
5. Belief in the Day of Judgment :
Muslims believe that the life of this world will come to an end. Allah says, "Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish." (Quran 55:26) Then again, on the Day of Judgment, each individual will be raised up to stand before Allah and be questioned about their deeds. The compensation for evil in the Hereafter is exact justice, while the compensation for good is much greater - comprehensive, multiple rewards and complete satisfaction and happiness.
People will be judged according to their degree of righteousness, and nothing else. Allah says, "Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his (or her) credit, and whoever brings an evil deed shall have only the recompense ofthe like thereof." (Quran 6:160)
6. Belief in Predestination.
Muslims are required to believe in predestination, whether good or bad, which Allah has measured and ordained for all creatures according to His previous knowledge and as deemed suitable by His wisdom. Allah, the All-Knowing, knows everything that happened in the past, everything that is happening now and all that will happen in the future. Allah the Almighty says, "Indeed, all things We created with predestination." (Quran 54:49) However, humankind has been given free will and the choice of whether or not to follow what Allah ordained. He has been given a mind with which he is able to reason and choose wisely.
We had discussed the main Islamic creeds/beliefs in this post very concisely, Insha'Allah in our forthcoming posts we will discuss each "Article of Islamic Faith" in details. Until then, stay tuned. Anything in this work that is correct, is blessed by Allah, and whatever is incorrect it is only from Shaitan and the soul of the writer, and I seek forgiveness from Allah for any shortcomings in my presentation of this topic. If you have any Question, Suggestion or Correction to make please feel free to comment below, you may also use our contact form to contact us.
- Qur'an, Chapter: 112 (Al-'Ikhlāş), verse: 1-4: ( English Translation by Yusuf Ali )
- Qur'an, Chapter: 21 (Al-'Anbyā'), verse: 25: ( English Translation by Yusuf Ali ) "Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me."
- Qur'an, Chapter: 4 (An-Nisā'), verse: 163: ( English Translation by Yusuf Ali )
- Qur'an, Chapter: 55 (Ar-Raĥmān), verse: 26: ( English Translation by Muhsin Khan )
- Qur'an, Chapter: 23 (Al-Mu'minūn), verse: 14-16: "Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!. Then indeed, after that you are to die. Again, on the Day of Judgment, will ye be raised up."
- Qur'an, Chapter: 54 (Al-Qamar), verse: 49: ( English Translation by Sahih International )